Labour and Industrial Courts

Central Government Industrial Tribunal-cum-Labour Courts (CGIT-cum-LCs) are set up under the provisions of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 for adjudication of industrial disputes arising in Central Sphere. There are 22 CGIT-cum-LCs set up in various States. The   CGIT-cum-LC No.1, Mumbai and CGIT-cum-LC, Kolkata also function as National Tribunals. These CGIT-cum-LCs are headed by Presiding Officers who are selected from amongst High Court Judges (serving/retired) or District /Additional District Judges (serving/retired).

The CGIT-cum-LCs have been set up with the objective of maintaining peace and harmony in the industrial sector by quick and timely disposal of industrial disputes through adjudication so that industrial growth does not suffer on account of any widespread industrial unrest. Moreover, due to increasing awareness about their rights and Labour laws among the workers, there is a gradual increase in the number of cases being filed under the Industrial Disputes Act before the CGIT-cum-LCs. Restructuring of workforce on account of application of latest technology in the industries has also resulted in retrenchment, declaration of surplus etc. which has further led to an increase in workers’ grievances.

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