Labour and Service Laws

Labour Law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which address the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. As such, it mediates many aspects of the relationship between trade unions, employers and employees. There are two broad categories of labour law- first, collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union, and second, individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work and through the contract for work. The labour movement has been instrumental in the enacting of laws protecting labour rights in the 19th and 20th centuries. In India, there are over fifty national laws and many more state-level laws governing labour issues.

Similarly different facets of the law of service affecting employees of the Government, nationalised banks and corporate bodies, autonomous bodies etc. and the processes involved in matters of appointment, promotion and termination of service are covered under service laws in India. Various legislations including specific rules governing different categories of employees are applicable to these employees.

Industrial and Labour Courts in different states deal with cases of labour laws. Central Administrative Tribunal and State Administrative Tribunals in some of the states have been constituted to deal with the issues of service matters. To handle cases of armed forces, Armed Forces Tribunals have been constituted in different parts of the country. We practice and regularly appear in these tribunals.

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